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Keanekaragaman dan Etnobotani Simplisia Nabati yang Diperdagangkan Di Kecamatan Purwanegara Banjarnegara

JudulKeanekaragaman dan Etnobotani Simplisia Nabati yang Diperdagangkan Di Kecamatan Purwanegara Banjarnegara
Publication TypeStudent Thesis
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsPurwati D
AdvisorsHidayah HA, Widiawati Y
DegreeS1
KeywordsBanjarnegara regency., Diversity, etnobotani, etnobotany, Kabupaten Banjarnegara, Keanekaragaman, Kecamatan Purwanegara, plant simplisia, Purwanegara subdistrict, simplisia nabati
Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman, manfaat dan cara
penggunaan jenis-jenis simplisia nabati yang diperdagangkan di Kecamatan Purwanegara Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Metode penelitian adalah menggunakan metode survai dengan teknik pengambilan sampel secara terpilih dan melakukan wawancara terhadap responden. Jenis-jenis simplisia nabati dicatat nama daerahnya, dan bagian simplisia yang digunakan serta pemanfaatannya, diidentifikasi, difoto dan diklasifikasikan secara taksonomik. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 28 jenis simplisia dari 17 suku yang dimanfaatkan sebagai obat tradisional oleh masyarakat di Kecamatan Purwanegara Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Bagian yang dimanfaatkan sebagai simplisia berupa talus, rimpang, daun, biji, buah, kulit buah batang, kulit batang, bunga dan herba (akar, batang, daun). Manfaat simplisia bermacam-macam seperti untuk meningkatkan nafsu makan, mengobati diare, mengobati sakit mata, menghangatkan badan, mengatasi insomnia, mengobati rematik, mengobati batuk dan lain-lain. Simplisia digunakan dengan direbus, ditumbuk, diseduh atau disangrai.
 
The aim of the research to know diversity, usage and the way to use the kinds of plant simplisia that were sold in Purwanegara subdistrict Banjarnegara regency. A survey method was used with selecting sampling technique and an interview with some respondents. Types of plant smplisia were recorded for their area name, and parts of plant smplisia that were used and its usage, identified, photographed and classified taxonomically. The result showed that there were 28 types of crude drugs from 17 familia that were used as traditional medicines by the people in Purwanegara subdisrict Banjarnegara regency. Parts that were used as crude drugs comprised of thallus, rhizomes, leaves, seeds, fruits, fruit peels, stem, barks, flower and herbs (root, stem and leaf). The benefits of crude drugs were to increase appetite, treat diarrhea, treat sore eyes, warms the body, overcoming insomnia, treat rheumatism, treat coughs etc. The crude drugs was used by boiling, grinding, pouring with hot water or frying without oil.