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Synopsis of Ecological and Socio-Economic Aspects of Tropical Coastal Ecosystem with Special Reference to Segara Anakan

JudulSynopsis of Ecological and Socio-Economic Aspects of Tropical Coastal Ecosystem with Special Reference to Segara Anakan
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Publication2007
EditorsYuwono E, Jennerjahn TC, Sastranegara MH, Sukardi P
Conference NameWorkshop on Ecological and Socio-Economic Aspects of Segara Anakan Cilacap
Date Published09/2007
PublisherResearch Institute, The University of Jenderal Soedirman
Conference LocationPurwokerto, Indonesia

The Indonesia-German initiative on Earth System Research “Science for theProtection of Indonesian Coastal Marine Ecosystems” (SPICE) Phase I was conducted between 2003 to 2007. The program included field trips to Segara Anakan, Cilacap,Central Java, which lies between 108°46’ - 109°03’ E and 7°35’ - 7°48’ S, and laboratory works in the University of Jenderal Soedirman (UNSOED) Purwokerto as well asworkshops attended by scientists, students, non-government organizations, industry, local authorities and other stakeholders.
The Segara Anakan consists of a lagoon isolated from the Indian Ocean by Nusakambangan island, mangrove forest areas, settlement areas, and rice field areas. In the north of Segara Anakan, there are agricultural areas, whereas in the south primarily rainforest is covering most parts of Nusakambangan island. In the east the lagoon is bordered by the city of Cilacap. The environmental changes due to natural causes as well as the impact of human activities are evident in this lagoon-mangrove ecosystem. The lagoon became narrower and shallower due to sedimentation in the west part, and the water condition has been deteriorated by pollution in the east part which is close to industrial and settlement areas. In addition, illegal logging resulted in the decrease of mangrove areas.The complexity of natural and human made phenomena had also created not only ecological problems but also social conflicts and economic loss.
These complex phenomena of Segara Anakan were discussed in a “Workshop onEcological and Socio-Economic Aspects of Segara Anakan Cilacap”, in March 26-27,2007, organized by Research Institute, University of Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto,Indonesia in collaboration with Zentrum für Marine Tropenökologie (ZMT) Bremen, Germany within the framework of the SPICE project. Results of the field trips and laboratory works conducted during the implementation of SPICE Phase I were presented in the workshop and are documented in this book. The book describes ecological aspects including the importance of mangrove vegetation of Segara Anakan as a habitat of various living organisms, the mangrove conversion and its degradation due to illegal logging, the present environmental conditions in the lagoon and the abundance and community composition of organisms living in the ecosystem such as benthic organisms and keystone species of the intertidal crab community. Socio-economic aspects such as conflicts of communities along the Donan River and the empowerment of rural coastal community inthe northern part of Segara Anakan area are elucidated.
We are grateful to the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) Germany for supporting SPICE Project Phase I implemented during 2003 – 2007in which the workshop has been important part of the activities. The project was also supported by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (DKP), and the Ministry for Research and Technology (MENRISTEK) of the Republic of Indonesia. Contributions bythe authors and support by ZMT and UNSOED have made the dissemination of the manuscripts presented in the “Workshop on Ecological and Socio-Economic Aspects of Segara Anakan” through this book possible.

Proceedings_SPICE_Workshop_2007.pdf1.42 MB